Home Search Our Site! Sign Our Guest Book!


List of Regiments Regimental Histories Muster Rolls Orderly Books Courts Martial Loyalists in the Regular Army/Navy Civil Branches Spies & Intelligence Black Loyalists Clothing and Supplies Claims and Memorials Other Facts and Records



&c, &c, &c...
The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies

General Court Martial of Anthony Allaire
Part 4 of 4

At a General Court Martial held at Charles Town in the Province of South Carolina on Wednesday the 28th day of March 1781 and continued by Adjournment, to Saturday the 31st day of March 1781, by Virtue of a Warrant bearing date the 24th day of March 1781 from His Excellency Sir Henry Clinton Knight of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, General & Commander in Chief of All His Majesty's Forces within the Colonies laying upon the Atlantic Ocean from Nova Scotia to West Florida inclusive &c. &c. &c.

Saturday 31st March 1781

The Court Met pursuant to Adjournment.

Mr. John BEALE Inhabitant of Charles Town was called before the Court and being duly Sworn was examined.

        Q.(By the Prisoner) Do you recollect what I told Mr. KEATING at the time he was lunging at me with a small Sword on Saturday Morning in Broad Street?

        A. You said that you did not look upon yourself as equal to Mr. KEATING with a Sword, but that a pair of Pistols would put you upon a Par, and that if he insisted you would settle the matter with Pistols, or words to that effect to the best of my Recollection.

        Q.(By the Court) Do you recollect if the Deceased made any reply to Mr. ALLAIRE at the offer of the Pistols?

        A. I don’t recollect he did.

        Q.(By the Court) Do you think the Deceased was near enough to Mr. ALLAIRE to hear what he said?

        A. I imagine he was, for the Deceased seemed very angry and was going again to have recourse to his Sword, but some Gentlemen interposed-- The Deceased also was nearer Lieut. ALLAIRE than I was.

        Q.(By do) What other Gentlemen were present at the time in Mr. HICKS’s Shop?

        A. Mr. HICKS, Captn. TAYLOR, Captn. LIVINGSTON and other Officers I was not acquainted with.

Capt. John TAYLOR of the 1st Battn. New Jersey Volunteers was called before the Court, and being duly Sworn deposed that on Saturday last between One and two o’Clock in the afternoon he was Walking down Meeting Street, when he saw Lieut. ALLAIR and Mr. HEDDEN meet Mr. KEATING and Mr. AMBROSE about thirty or forty Yards from Mr. KEATING’s House--

that Mr. KEATING and Mr. ALLAIRE seem’d to be in some dispute, that Mr. ALLAIRE soon afterwards stepped round and faced Mr. KEATING, and at the same time put both Hands to his Pockets, as he imagined to take Pistols from his Pockets, at which moment Mr. KEATING struck him with a large stick, and afterwards caught at a Pistol in Mr. ALLAIRs Hand, and at the same time struck him with the Stick, after which Mr. ALLAIR wrenched the Pistol from him, stepped back and was fumbling at the Pistol, and he (the Dept.) thought, trying to unguard the Pistol, at which instant he presented it and said “keep off” at the words “keep off” Mr. ALLAIR received a Blow from the Deceased, and a second followed it,-- at which instant the Pistol was fired.

        Q.(By the Court) At what distance was you from them at the time you first saw the Pistol?

        A. About thirty Yards I imagine.

        Q.(By the Prisr.) Do you know Mr. BRAMARE?

        A. Yes.

        Q.(By Do) Where did Mr. BRAMARE stand at the time of the Pistol’s being fired.

        A. About Thirty Yards from you at a large Gate of a House, and I think about five or Six Yards farther from you than myself.

        Q.(By the Court) Was he at the Gate of Mr. KEATING’s Quarters?

        A. No, about thirty Yards from it.

        Q.(By the Prisoner) Do you think, from the situation Mr. BRAMARE stood in at that time, it was possible for him to judge of the distance I was from Mr. KEATING when I discharged the Pistol?

        A. I don’t think he could, because he was almost behind you.

        Q.(By the Prisr.) At what distance was I from Mr. KEATING when I discharged the Pistol?

        A. I imagine at least four feet.

Doctor Usual JOHNSTON Surgeon to the 1st Battn. New Jersey Volunteers, was called and being duly Sworn was examined.

        Q.(By the Prisr.) When I left Mr. HEDDEN’s Quarters last Saturday did I take a Brace of Pistols with me and loose Powder and Ball?

        A. You did and they were both loaded and guarded, I think Mr. HEDDEN loaded one and you the other, but I can’t be positive.

        Q.(By the Prisr.) Did not I tell Mr. HEDDEN to take all the Powder with him as I did not imagine there was so good to be got in the Town?

        A. Yes.

The Prisoner begged leave to remark to the Court that from the Evidence of Mr. AMBROSE, Mr. KEATING first lodged a Complaint of him at the Town Major’s, and afterwards treated him in the Manner mentioned at Mr. HICKS’s, from which it is to be imagined Mr. KEATING meant to put it out of his (the Prisoners) power to demand satisfaction from him and then to insult him.

The Court having duly Considered the Evidence for and against the Prisoner Lieut. Anthony ALLAIRE, together with what he had to offer in his Defence, is of Opinion that he is Not Guilty of the Charge laid against him (Viz.) of the Wilfull Murder of Ensign Robert KEATING of the Prince of Wales’s American Regiment on the 24th day of March 1781; and it doth therefore Acquit him of the same.

                                       Archd. McARTHUR
                                       Major 71st Regt. Presidt.

   Dep: Judge Advocate

                       H CLINTON

Click here for ---> Allaire Court Martial, Part 1

                               Allaire Court Martial, Part 2

                               Allaire Court Martial, Part 3

Great Britain, Public Record Office, War Office Class 71, Volume 93, pages 287-311.

Spacer Image

Click here for ---> More On-Line Courts Martial

                               Courts Martial Main Page

                               Top of Page

Spacer Image

The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies
For information please contact Todd Braisted

Copyright Restrictions    Document Formatting    Optimal Viewing