General Court Martial of Enoch Coddington
[Extract of the Proceedings of the General Court Martial whereof Lt. Col. Thomas DUNDAS was President, held at New York City between 23 October -- 28 October 1780.]
Enoch CODDINGTON, Private Soldier in the 4th Battn. of New Jersey Volunteers was brought before the Court, accused of having deserted from the said Battalion and held Correspondence with the Rebel Army, and the following Witnesses were examined in support of the two several Accusations, vizt.
Lieut. John HESLOP, Acting Adjutant of the same Battalion, being duly sworn, deposed that the Prisoner was serving as a Soldier in that Battalion, at the time that he (the Witness) joined it, and therefore he cannot speak as to his Inlistment, but he knows him to have duly received pay & cloathing afterwards, and that he deserted from the Regt. in the latter end of 1778 or early in 1779, and was brought in again by a Party of Refugees, about the 6th or 7th of August 1780.
Q. Does he (the Witness) know of his having held Correspondence with the Rebel Army?
Q. Did the Prisoner carry off his Arms and Necessaries?
The Prisoner being put upon his Defence said that he enlisted with Capt.
BESSONETT, to serve only as long as he (Capt. BESSONETT) served; and to be under the Command of him and no one else.
Abigail CARR, Sister of the Prisoner being called upon by him and duly Sworn, was examined.
Q. (by desire of the Prisoner)-- Was she present when the Prisoner enlisted with Capt. BESSONETT?
Q. What were the terms of his enlistment?
Captain Daniel BESSONETT, late of the 4th Battn. of New Jersey Volunteers, being duly Sworn, was examined.
Q. (by desire of the Prisoner)-- Did not the Prisoner enlist to serve with him and no other Man?
Q. (by the Court)-- Was not the Prisoner enlisted for three Years or during the War, and duly attested?
Q. Did he (the Witness) make a Promise to the Prisoner, that if he left the Regt. the Prisoner should leave it also?
Q. Did the Prisoner ever apply to him (the Witness) after he left the Regt. to procure him his Discharge?
The Court having considered the Evidence for and against the Prisoner, Enoch CODDINGTON, together with what he had to offer in his Defence, is of Opinion that he is Guilty of the Crime laid to his Charge, and thereby of a Breach of the Ist Article of War of the 6th Section, and do therefore sentence him to receive five hundred Lashes on his bare back with a Cat of Nine Tails,
but in Consideration of many favorable circumstances to the Prisoner, which appear on the Proceedings, the Court is induced to recommend him to His Excellency the Commander in Chief, for Mercy.
Step. P. ADYE
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